City of Solok has an area of 57.34 km² and a population of over 52,100 people. This city is divided by three rivers: Batang Lembang, Batang Gawan and Batang Air Binguang. The economy of this city is based on agriculture and plantation sectors whose main commodities include rice, corn and cassava, coffee, cocoa, rubber, coconut and cloves. It also well-known as the largest rice production center in West Sumatra. This regency is often called by the name of Bareh Solok.
This city also has many interesting tourist objects, such as Sarasah Batimpo Waterfall, Pulau Belibis Natural Park and Rumah Gajah Maharam which is one of the oldest traditional Gadang houses in West Sumatra.
The famous Lake Singkarak, Lake Diatas and Lake Dibawah are located in this regency. The vast Lake Singkarak, which stretches an area of 107.8 km² and is situated at an altitude of 362.5 meters above sea level, is the second largest lake in Sumatra after Lake Toba. Solok Regency is also home for many traditional Gadang house, namely Rumah Gadang 20 Ruang di Sulit Air, Rumah Gadang Cupak, Rumah Gadang Paninggahan, etc. Those houses are now used as cultural centers where various cultural activities are held.