Bukittinggi is a city with population of over 91,000 people and an area of 25.24 km². It is comfortably situated in the Minangkabau highlands, 90 km by road from the West Sumatran capital city of Padang. It sits near the volcanoes Mount Singgalang and Mount Marapi. During the Indonesian National Revolution against Dutch colonization, this city played a strategic role as the headquarters for the Emergency Government of the Republic of Indonesia (Pemerintahan Darurat Republik Indonesia) from December 19, 1948 to July 13, 1949. With that status, Bukittinggi is the de-facto capital city of this newly declared republic. Nowadays, Bukittinggi enjoys a status as one of the top tourist destinations in Indonesia. Some famous tourist attractions in this city are Jam Gadang Monument, Sianok Canyon, Lobang Jepang Cave, Taman Bundo Kanduang Park, and Museum of Bung Hatta Birthplace.